Some of John's Platforms
MY ECONOMIC RECOVERY PLAN FOR WASHINGTON STATE
Washington State’s business economy is collapsing under the weight of taxes, labor
and industries insurance increases, rising minimal wage rates, health insurance costs, and government regulations. Washington
State has the highest minimum wage rate in the nation but we still have working poor. Our minimum wage does not lift
a wage earner out of poverty. We must act quickly to stop any further economic hardships on our working poor and
fixed income senior citizens. The working poor struggle with high rent, high insurance, daycare expenses and high
utilities. Typically the husband and wife work in order to pay for the basic necessities for life. The working
poor often are within one personal financial crisis away from becoming homeless. The middle class struggles to provide
for their children’s college education, health care, and automobile insurance. Some middle income families are affluent
enough not to qualify for state aid and have to take care of their elderly parents by private means. Often times that care costs
more than what the elderly parent receives in social security and pension. This creates a burden on those children.
Population statistics for Washington state shows our population could
increase 17% to 25% from the six million of 2001 to either seven or eight million by year 2030. This represents 285,000 to
572,000 families with 3.5 people per family. An economic boom lasting many decades would accelerate the population growth
as more local jobs are filled by those moving into the state. An Economic Recovery Program would have to include provisions addressing
accelerated population growth. A management plan must be in effect to control growth, and where necessary, positively impacting
area infrastructures, schools, and the various microeconomies. Land management should be developed into commercial real estate
property in those regions that cannot otherwise support crop, timber, or grassland. This would reserve fertile land to provide
for wildlife and human needs.
In areas of Washington
State, industries that have supported local government for over 50-75 years are shutting down and some are even dismantling
their factories for sale on public auction. These historic revenue generating industries were in mining, logging, fishing,
and farming. Historically, they were a dependable source of local government revenue as well as a public fund source
for the needs of a functioning society. They built and maintain Washington’s public schools, transportation system,
infrastructures, and social services programs.
The loss of these
historic industries has impacted at least 30,000 families by taking away a family wage earner. What angers
me the most is that special interest organizations have place their self-centered interests over a sustaining and functioning
I believe that we can help all of our residents if
I did something about the high cost of the family budget. The cost of living is too high and needs to come down to where all residents
of Washington State can survive as well as save for the future. By bringing down food costs, power costs, fuel
costs, health and automobile insurance costs and providing affordable shelter along with tax cuts, it will give more
purchasing power to the individual taxpayer as well as provide money to state and local government so we can pay off
deficit debts. I have real plans for this. It's too late for many communities and some of those communities may never
recover. A tax cut doesn’t help the wage earner who has just been layoff from a shutdown of a major industry.
I have plans that will rebuild and refit the timber and lumber industry, eliminate the affordable
housing shortage, build equity and wealth, increase local revenue, and stimulate local economies.
I have been studying the economic problem in my region of Washington state and have concluded that
much of this could had been avoided. Faulty reasoning was used to concock the mess that will take years to fix.
I have been studying the economic woes of eastern Washington state for some time. Many citizens of
northeastern Washington state blame NAFTA for the economic loss of major industies that supported so much in the area.
I believe in the concept of the NAFTA agreement and have to place blame on poor management practice and government regulations.
Americans can compete with other nations, if allowed to in a fair playing field.
I would like to suggest that we revive the timber industry that has suffered greatly in the past two decades.
Several hundred mills have shutdown with the loss of 30,000 high paying jobs. Timber sales profits are given to public schools
as a source of funding, and this major revenue source has dramatically decreased. This loss of funding has caused schools
to seek other methods for aid. In order to justify a government funded program to revive the timber industry, we need a good
reason for all of this lumber that would be produced. I would like to start another government funded program to provide low
cost housing for those people that want to get out of paying rent and become a property owner. I would like to be able to
build 400,000 units and carry the mortgage to fit the needs of the property owner. This would enable 400,000 families to put
their rent money to use by builting equity for a future upgrade. These 400,000 units now pay property and utility taxes that
support local government.
AFFORDABLE HOME PROGRAM
COMMENT FOR NOTICE
Affordable Housing Update July 29, 2008
I am very disappointed with the Washington State building and housing industry for not having built more
affordable housing for low wage earners, and those on a fixed incomes. These people need affordable shelter and in a building
boom period during which something could have been done, the builder’s greed spoiled everything. I have been a strong
advocate for affordable housing for many years and I am very angry at what has transpired from my hard work and political
pandering. Prior to the housing boom, we had interest rates approach levels not seen in 60 years. Our economy was stagnant
after the dot.com bust, the technology bust, and terrorist attack. A way to turn the economy around was to create a building
construction boom. At that time lumber, copper, aluminum, lead, zinc, cement, asphalt, and diesel were priced at, or near,
lifetime lows. This was the best opportunity to build affordable housing that there ever will be and what did the home and
building industry construct? According to the US Census data, million dollar condos and mansion going for hundreds of thousands
of dollars that no average citizen in our state could ever afford on a $45,000 income. I am a public works lead inspector
for the City of Spokane and I personally have witnessed the construction of at least ten thousand homes in the past five years
with a starting price of $250,000 or more. This is hardly what I had in mind in my Affordable Housing Program that I ran in
2004 and again am incorporating in 2008 as a platform for office.
I believe that we can turn the housing
bubble bust around by doing what started it in the first place, but this time we do the smart thing and build affordable homes
suited for lower wage earners. What I previously wrote has not changed and I believe that we still can find areas to build
affordable homes. Currently we have an oversupply of mansions and luxury homes. It will be a long time before anyone will
be able to buy them. If builders would have built affordable homes in the beginning, early buyers could had built enough equity
to sell their homes to upgrade into a more luxurious home. But no, this did not happen and we have what we’ve got today,
many vacated lots and homes. Where are these people going to live? The cost of living is rising and the dollar is inflated.
More people are having a difficult time maintaining shelter in a time of high energy cost. There is more need to build affordable
housing than every before. Under my program, we would be able to turn our economy around for at least the next decade. It
would not be boom like, but an economy with dependable growth. In the meantime we help new homeowners build equity and become
taxpayers. In time they would be able to upgrade into the luxury homes that were built that few now can afford.
The below, as prepared by Mr. John W.
Aiken, Jr. 12/15/02
The Affordable Home Program, upon completion, would help make 600,000 renters become home owners in fifteen
years with collected personal equity worth around $60 billion. This program creates 50,000 new property owners each year for
the next twelve year period. When each of the 50,000 new homes are occupied with a buyer, this collective lot will start paying
$90 million per year to local governments in property tax and utility services. At the end of the eighth year of the construction
phase of this program, this program would have been responsible for creating $25 billion in real estate wealth of which $8
billion of this would be in home owner equity and not wasted on rent to a landlord. This program would create 400,000 property
owners at the end of the eighth year of construction who now pay almost $1 billion per year to local governments. During the
first ten year period of growth into this program, the local governments would collect $5 billion in total revenue through
this program’s property owners. The end of this program is designed to expire on or around a 15 year term period for
repayment of loan to the Federal Government. At around the end of the 15 years of this program the debt is retired and terminated,
I estimate that the property wealth should be valued around $60 billion and local governments would had received almost $10
billion in total revenue from the program, and will collect over $1.5-2 billion annually from a dependable revenue source.
The program would help preserve Washington’s timber industry
and provide employment in the logging, lumber, construction material, and construction labor industry for twelve to fourteen
years by putting to work 30,000 wage earners with a $2 billion per year union payroll and benefit package to spend in the
local area. An investment that stimulates the economy, provides a need, and benefits from that need is trully the way to go.
Risk is very limited since ownership of property is under the terms of the loan with government and property buyer.
Program Phases $55-60 Billion
investment in 15 years
Return on Investment:
1) Investment Loan with interest to be paided at end of 15 years minimum or 20
2) Creates over $60 billion in wealth through
real estate development and personal equity.
3) Would create
a future base of home owners that would be able to upgrade to higher price real estate shelters at affordable rate of payment.
4) Upon completion of the program, it would provide a dependable revenue source
to local government of over $1.3 billion a year in the form of property taxes and utility services. Local government would
receive about $10 billion in total revenue during the 15 year construction phase.
5) Would save timber and building industry for next 20 years and put about $2 billion/yr payroll back into
6) Would prepare for future population increases
at all ages by natural and migratory growth cycle and have affordable living facilities available.
7) Would be able to do selective development to areas congested with high social demands to less congested
areas that need people in their community (and have available space in their public schools.)
8) Start-ups get timber and building supply-manufacturing contracts, purchase and develop new properties, qualifying applicants,
engineering, architecting and planning.
• Phase 1 300,000 units
($50K-75K price/unit) at 50,000 units/year 6 year contract
2 200,000 units ($75K-100K price/unit) at 50,000 unit/ year 4 year contract
Phase 3 100,000 units ($50K-75K price/unit) at 50,000 units/year 2 year contract
Phase 4 15,000 senior citizen communities at 7,500 units/year 2 year contract, 6,000 community
center malls, 1,500 shelters and food bank, 500 orphanges.
REST STOP DEVELOPMENT
enhancements to the highway rest stop I feel we can very positively impact our state. These enhancements can do and offer
1. Provides shelter and safety to the travelling public.
2. Provides emergency response for fire, flood, snow, avalanche, earthquake, ice storm, accidents, and so
3. Provide employment in law enforcement, fire, emergency,
tow trucks, snow plows, flood control, fast food, lodging, automotive service, theme park, tourism, etc.
4. Will need to provide housing, water, sewer treatment, solid waste treatment,
and power, as well schools for children and transportation to other schools in districts.
5. Casinos would be the logical attractions to rest stops. Casinos can offer a great many forms
of entertainment besides gambling. Casinos often offer food, drinks and lodging. Tourism would be whatever the natural surrounding
would support. This could be horseback riding, trail bikes, bicycles trails, hiking, camping, youth camps, fishing, shooting,
cross country skiing, snowmobiling, sailing, gliding, parasailing, hang gliding, four wheeling, drag racing, concerts, flea
markets and so on. I would like to see a rest stop approximately every 60 miles of interstate road in Washington. Each one
of these would be a significant micro community, most of whose employable residents could work in the area.
State Citizen, MY PUBLIC EDUCATION REFORM PROGRAM FOR WASHINGTON STATE
John W. Aiken, Jr. (September, 2003)
It is my desire to become the Governor of Washington
State and to lead our state through the developing 21st Century. Nothing is more important to me than Public Education Reform
and I hereby submit to you a Public Education Reform Program that is sound and efficient; so much so that I believe many other
states in our nation will want to adopt this program for their own standard of teaching, learning, testing and educational
We must reform our Public Education System. It’s time for the citizens of Washington to demand
reforms to our Public Education System, and not just with words but with actions. Public school officials, teacher’s
unions and parents of those students with low test scores blame each other for this failing in public education. What it comes
down to though is not how much money is being spent on public education, but what the money is being spent for. Many problems
exist with public education and spending more tax money to solve these problems simply have not worked. The time has come
to take the bull by the horns and make the serious changes, or continue with costly and mediocre results.
Too many publically educated students lack knowledge and skills to be successful in modern society.
Government census reports provide clear evidence that the majority of Washington’s public educated students are not
adequately prepared for modern society. Many lack knowledge such as basic health care, every day living discipline and being
adequately trained for higher skilled employment in better paying technical jobs. The fact is that the teaching system used
today in Washington State is ineffective and very costly to maintain. As Governor I plan to remedy this waste of public resources.
We must have a uniform standard in education. I will bring fair
and equable education for every public school student in Washington, no matter where they reside. The evaluation tests of
public school students prove that our state’s present system of teaching and learning cannot perform to national standards.
To greatly aid in the learning process, I firmly believe it is necessary to have a uniform standard in education. To this
end I propose that all students receive basically the same educational programs from kindergarten though the twelfth grade.
There is much that complicates learning, for instance we are a very transitory society
and we move from place to place every three to five years on average. Naturally this interrupts the 'moved' student’s
education. Typically the curriculum and flow of study at the student’s new school can vary considerably from the education
he or she was used to, quite often resulting in their diminished learning performance. Since public schools usually don’t
teach the same course in the same manner, and with the same instructional materials, the costs to Washington’s taxpayers
are enormous. When going from one school to the other, we will find different text books and curriculum schedules in use to
teach the same grade level class. We must end this tremendously wasteful practice by providing exactly the same text books
for the same grades at all public schools in Washington State. We will use only the text book (or books) in a particular subject
that have proven themselves to be the most productive to learning. A tremendous cost reduction in public revenue can result
(1) We would cut costs by eliminating the implementation
of prospectively dozens of different and/or competing educational programs that by law are supposed to be equal for every
publicly educated student.
(2) We would be able to reduce
cost by volume buying. Our education system will get a much better volume discount from publishers and others in regard to
the books and related educational programs as we will be buying in much higher quantities.
are textbooks on subjects that are so well written that they stand the test of time. The best books are written by geniuses
who can simplify complex concepts into what the student can readily comprehend. These types of books will become incorporated
with other similar text books and references into what I call the Washington State Standard Public Education Text Books. These
textbooks will be selected by the State’s Legislature. Such designated books will become the state’s standard
for that subject and grade level class until such time that the State’s Legislature replaces it with another book. I
believe that within a surprisingly short period of time, Washington’s public school cost for textbooks and related educational
programs, would be reduced dramatically. This saving could provide much needed revenue for other educational functions in
the form of more student activity programs, immunization programs, and after school programs.
I will use 21st Century technologies as self teaching tools. As a 21st Century Governor
I will vigorously work to develop more 21st Century technologies into self teaching tools. Upon purchasing a standard textbook
and with the proper licensing agreements, we can convert the book into what is called an electronic book, or in trade jargon
an ebook. An electronic book is easily read and can be viewed through many digital reading mechanisms; such as a personal
computer, a portable handheld reader and television. The text and images can be enhanced to become interactive. By becoming
interactive, it would be possible to monitor and test a student’s level of retained knowledge on a chapter of study
in the ebook. These ebooks can be adapted in many ways to the individually varying needs of each student. Among other things,
supplemental graphic teaching aids, dictionary, and references can be added to individual students ebooks to aid in understanding
for very complex topics.
We must enable students to learn at the pace that’s
best for them instead of forcing them to learn at a scheduled pace that’s best for others. There are many subjects that
can be self-taught without a parent or teacher to supervise. A very good example of a self-taught method is the television
show, Sesame Street. As we all know this very popular show teaches preschoolers how to count, does simple mathematics, build
a vocabulary, pronounce words, spell, and so on. Modern day children are comfortable with electronic devices; such as, television
and computers. These forms of audiovisual communications can provide a self-tutor method to learning. Students can learn at
their own natural pace and not by a rigid class schedule that benefits the small minority that is quicker learners. The fact
is learning is not constant and is subject to the individual pupil’s own ability to be taught new concepts and material.
I will provide better use of an educator’s time
and resources. Educators will no longer have to waste time and resources to teach those students that have the ability to
teach themselves. Class sizes can be smaller and more specialized. Educators can spend more time with those students that
are having difficulty learning. Faster learning students become easily bored and that inactivity can lead to disciplinary
problems in the classroom. Let faster learning students be tested on the class material and allowed them to advance to a higher
level of learning that they are not bored with. With my Public Education Reform Program, the teacher’s burden of preparing
class lessons and conforming to different non standardized text books will be lessened. The standardizing of textbooks can
make all lesson planning standard as well. A substitute teacher will know what the lesson plan is no matter what school they
are assigned to. The teacher’s role in education will be to motivate and to monitor learning. Teachers can spend more
time on a more individual basis to those students having difficulty, and be able to better identify why these students are
As has been documented, there are other
factors that can contribute to poor learning performance. Some factors are the lack of adequate nutrition for poverty-stricken
children, the lack of supervision in single parent homes, and the lack of local funding for schools in economically depressed
regions of our state. To help counter these problems I support the following:
(1) I would like the school year
to be extended for the full year. Washington is no longer a state dependent on minors for a source of cheap farming labor.
No longer is it necessary for a summer break so public school students can aid in their family farms. There are many good
reasons to support a longer school year. Working parents that depend on a daycare service during the summer for their child's
supervision, would save money from not having to pay for summer daycare and related services. Property damage, vandalism,
petty crime, and shoplifting incidents would mostlikely decrease, thus reducing the workload of our police force. Extending
the school year to include the summer months can mean students can enjoy school sponsored outdoor recreational activities
that other months of the school year cannot offer. Our young people don’t need a summer vacation to enjoy the summer
time activities. I believe what parents spend on day care would be better spent on public education.
(2) I would like the school hours to be extended. Working parents have different
schedules that do not always fit with scheduled school hours. I would like to make it possible for students to do homework
or have after school activities at school. This would protect our children from getting in trouble while waiting for their
parent(s) to pick them up.
(3) I would like to have a
nutrient program that poverty level school children can benefit from year round. Problems with nutrient, abuse, health, and
physical disabilities could all hinder a child’s desire and/or ability to study and perform adequately. Providing nutrient
for the development of healthy bodies and minds is an inexpensive means to save in future costs from physical and mental problems.
This would be provided at school in the form of a free breakfast and lunch year-round.
(4) I would like to have an immunization program for the prevention of diseases. I believe
that the prevention of diseases should begin at the early stages of life, and our state would see savings from future medical
costs of health care maintenance. It would be better to spend a little now for prevention of diseases than to spend a lot
later. We need to do more to eliminate diseases before they spread and become a greater problem.
is a need to increase the pay in some geographic areas of our state for our public school teachers to have parity with the
cost of living in those areas. The voters of Washington State passed an initiative to provide a cost of living raise for our
public school teachers in a previous General Election. Unfortunately, the State Government did not provide for this cost of
living raise and has caused our state’s voters to question the law especially, since the state’s elected leaders
gave themselves a substantial raise in pay under the same economic conditions that others were denied. Many public school
teachers have to deal with inadequate pay, large class sizes, students with discipline problems and long work hours. This
has causedw many educators to retire early or seek other careers. Our universities and colleges cannot graduate enough teachers
to keep pace with our growing student population due to poor wages and working conditions. Through this Public Education Reform
Program, I believe we can realize savings through the reduction of education cost. I also feel we would be able to provide
a wage increase for our public school teachers. We can spend a hundred million dollars to create the WASL test and a billion
dollars in the last ten years on education research, but we can’t find any dollars for teacher pay and student needs.
This is very wrong and I plan to do something about this if I am elected Washington State’s Governor.
There will have to be a new wage and benefit package offered to current
contracted teachers and new teachers. Under the Public Education Reform Program, I intend to extend the public school year
and scheduled hours. Teachers who are under the current labor contract will not be affected by these changes of working days
and hours and will continue to work under the contract as it is. Current contract teachers will be unaffected until their
labor contract expires. New teachers will be under a new labor contract that will be negotiated by their unions and will be
for the extended school year and hours. Labor will be based on a forty-hour work week and benefits will be similar to other
unions that are not involved with teaching or educating. A teacher’s seniority will become the method to determine their
working preferences for teaching in any public school and will be regulated by their union at a state level. A readjustment
of pay and benefits will have to be negotiated to include those extended days in order to entice those teachers to work in
an extended school year while under contract in the current system. It may be possible for all teachers to still work in a
traditional nine-month school year, if they choose to do so. Teachers could choose which three-month quarterly break they
would take. Those with the most seniority would have first choice, but there would be no readjustment in compensation for
their wage and benefits. These labor issues will be determined through a negotiation procedure with the teacher’s union
and the State.
There will be changes in Higher Education to promote technical level
education for students. The first two years of college is similar in curriculum of study no matter what college a student
attends in the State of Washington. Because of this similarity of basic courses toward a degree, I believe this too can be
standardized and taught under a self-teaching method. Often in college, a teacher’s assistant teaches the introductory
and basic level course in any particular major field of study and those prerequisite courses for a degree. To encourage a
higher level of learning and to increase Washington’s level of college graduates for business, it is my desire to offer
these basic courses under the same conditions as described under the Washington State Standard Public Education Text Books
in Public High Schools. This will relieve Washington’s overcrowded colleges and make them become more technical as well
as specializing them toward advanced studies, where higher degree professors should be teaching for our state’s business
needs. By offering these courses in high school, this would also cut cost in higher education by reducing time spend in college
on basic course studies. This would also save parents and students some of the cost for a higher education. It will also help
poverty level students to be able to obtain a college degree and give all students a chance for a college education that the
benefits our business community needs.
In closing of this
short paper of introduction on my Public Education Reform Program, I would like to state that if I am elected Governor of
Washington, I believe that this is a sound way to reduce cost of education. It will provide incentives toward higher levels
of learning and it will provide an equitable education for every student in Washington State, no matter where they reside.
It will help educators to better spend their time and resources on those that are having difficulty in learning. It will bring
educators to a higher level of professionalism by teaching by the concept of specialized needs.
Recent Article on Public Education from the The Spokesman-Review on Monday, September 8, 2003 Edition, Spokane, Washington
WASL EXAMINATIONS FLUNK ON MANY LEVELS
Donald C. Orlich - Special to The Spokesman-Review
School reform in Washington and 49 other states has been reduced to a single high-stakes test. Nearly $1 billion has been
spent on reform by the Washington Legislature since 1993. The WASL -- for Washington Assessment of Student Learning -- costs
over $100 million and the current contract with Riverside Publishing Company accounts for a paltry $61.67 million. The state
superintendent of public instruction has a $200 million reform slush fund to advocate the WASL, with none of that funding
supporting teachers' classrooms, student services, school programs, instructional materials, new books or teacher education.
The WASL is given each spring to fourth-, seventh- and 10th-graders
in the areas of reading, writing, listening and mathematics. Science WASL results will be announced for grades 5, 8 and 10
this fall. It must be noted that the science pilot test scores have been kept secret for the past three years. One must ask,
But what did we learn from the spring 2003
The vast majority of children from low-income
families, as measured by eligibility for free or reduced lunch, did not meet the standard. That is, they failed.
Up to 96 percent of children classified as being in "special education"
did not meet the standard. They failed.
Hispanic children tend
not to meet standard.
Migrant children at all levels tended
to fail all WASL areas being tested.
Examining all data sets
for the 222,000-plus fourth-, seventh- and 10th-graders taking the WASL, only one in three met the standard in all four subjects
Breaking it down by ethnic groups, Asian children led in
math, while white children lead all other ethnic groups -- American Indian, black and Hispanic.
Seventh-graders tended to score rather poorly compared with fourth-graders, while grade 10 results
were mixed, showing increases and decreases from previous years.
The WASL test items are allegedly keyed to the state standards called "Essential Academic Learning Requirements,"
or EALRs. When the WASL is compared with the EALRs, some interesting artifacts appear. At least 12 of the mathematics standards
for grades 4, 7, and 10 are identical. Even the Stanford Research Institute study of 2002 concluded that the seventh-grade
WASL math test is more difficult than the 10th-grade WASL math test.
Are fourth-graders being prepared with those touted 21st century skills to work for the U.S. Bureau of the Census? Writers
of the 2003 fourth-grade WASL think so. Questions on the test required fourth-graders to design surveys to solve problems
being posed. (Being the author of the book "Designing Sensible Surveys I," can assure you that fourth- graders are
not really up to it.)
Probability problems are scattered throughout
the test. Do you have a clue what a "function machine" is? I don't. Fourth-graders are expected to write a rule
to use one.
Do you remember "measures of central tendency"
-- mean, median and mode? Fourth-graders are expected to apply those concepts that are taught in statistics.
Do we have "world class standards" or do we have asinine ones? Take
Several studies have analyzed the WASL, but I shall
summarize mainly from the Washington Education Association January 2003 report the following six major deficiencies of the
There are no predictive validity studies relating to the
There is a high correlation between the WASL math tests
and the WASL reading tests. This could account for almost one-half of the math score.
Subjective scoring leads to arbitrary decisions. There can be a 28.9 percent chance that a child has had his or her test incorrectly
The arbitrary standard will be raised each year, eventually
reaching 100 percent.
Correct answers are determined after students'
answers are read.
On some questions, students can earn full
points, even if they get the wrong answer.
The WASL has appearances
of a technical disaster.
Do you know that all student tests
are shredded? In Nevada, Minnesota and New York City, scorer errors were common. Your child could be kept from graduating
because of incorrect scoring and you have no recourse. You lose your Fifth Amendment rights of due process in school reform.
With passage of the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, 95 percent
of all children in all categories -- special education, non-English speakers and the like -- must pass 95 percent of all WASL
tests or either the federal government or private contractors will confiscate local communities' public schools.
There is a ray of hope. The NAACP in Florida filed a complaint with the Office
of Civil Rights, charging that the Florida test (similar to the WASL) is discriminatory. Our attorney general should do this
for the children in the Evergreen State. Only the future of your child is at stake.
Former Gov. Booth Gardner cautioned against using the WASL for competition and rankings and advised that, "If you want
an academic contest between schools, then hold a tournament."
Donald C. Orlich of Pullman is a professor emeritus at Washington State University
John W. Aiken, Jr., Campaign Committee, PO Box 250, Medical Lake, Washington 99022-0250
© 2008 John W. Aiken, Jr. Campaign Committee
More of John's Platforms